Root Canal Treatment - Endodontics
What is a root canal?
A cracked tooth, a deep cavity, repeated dental treatment to the tooth or trauma may create inflammation or infection of the soft tissue inside the tooth (pulp). In this case, a root canal treatment (also known as endodontic therapy, endodontic treatment, or root canal therapy) is needed to eliminate the damaged pulp. It will prevent further infection on the tooth and protect it from additional damage so it can be preserved rather than having to extract it and replace it with a dental implant or a bridge.
Symptoms that indicate that you may need root canal treatment:
- tooth pain
- prolonged tooth sensitivity to heat or cold
- tenderness to touch and chewing
- darkening of the tooth
- swelling of the gums near the area of the affected tooth
- facial swelling
If you experience any of these symptoms visit the dentist without delay. At Pointe-Claire Dental, Dr. Mauricio Galvis Pointe Claire dentist, will determine whether a root canal treatment will adequately treat your problem based on clinical examination and the use of some diagnostic tests.
The longer you wait, the more complex the treatment you need may be and the pain may not go away unless it is fixed.
During your examination, we may need to include taking x-rays in order to help plan a customized approach for your root canal treatment by revealing the number, size, curvature and the depth of the roots. This will assist in determining the complexity of your case. If you require specialist treatment, we will coordinate a referral to an Endodontist.
If you don’t get a root canal, the tooth decay will just continue or the infection will get worse. It may even go deep into your gums which can be quite painful. You may also notice swelling and discomfort.
How is a root canal treatment done?
The dentist will administer local anesthesia to the affected tooth. Once it is numb, he will make an opening on the top of the tooth and remove the inflamed or infected pulp from inside. The next step is to clean and shape the space for filling. Once this is done, the dentist will fill the roots that have been opened with a special material and a sterile dental cement to ensure complete sealing.
You will have to return to see the dentist as soon as possible to get a permanent restoration (filling). In most cases a dental crown may also be required for added strength and protection. If the tooth does not have sufficient structure to hold the restoration in place, the dentist may place a post inside the tooth. After restoration, the tooth will continue to function like any other.
How to protect your teeth
Maintaining good oral hygiene of twice-daily tooth brushing and daily flossing as well as having regular professional cleanings to avoid plaque build-up will protect your teeth from decay, the main cause of pulp damage.
Having your dental checkups regularly will allow to identify any possible signs and prevent pulp damage before it occurs.